Chekhov’s extended family comes from Taganrog; he was born and went to school there; and later visited the town in 1881, 1887, 1894, 1896 and 1899. In his adult life, Chekhov was active in several causes to improve cultural environment of the town. For instance, he advocated creating a natural history museum, restoring the town library, and even advised sending local teachers to intern in an agriculture school so they can supervise works in the town gardens. There are more than 25 buildings and locations in Taganrog surviving to this day that are linked to various points of Chekhov’s life, his literary output, and preservation of his legacy.
Chekhov home museum
Chekhov’s family lived in this house from late 1859 to early 1861. Anton Chekhov was born in one of its adjoining wings in 1860. An exhibit was opened in the house in 1926, thus it’s the oldest Chekhov museum. The small house is surrounded by garden planted with cherry trees. Inside the house, there is a small exhibit with photographs of the elder generation of the Chekhovs, documents related to retail operations of P.Ye.Chekhov, other family items.
The Chekhovs store museum
The Chekhov family lived in this building from 1869 to 1874. P.Ye. Chekhov’s store and the kitchen were on the ground floor, while the family members had rooms upstairs. Anton Chekhov and his siblings often helped in running the store. His short stories Ванька, Спать хочется, Канитель, Певчие, Архиерей, Отец семейства and Тяжелые люди are influenced by these experiences.
The Chekhov literature museum (Taganrog Gymnasium)
Chekhov studied at the Gymnasium from 1868 to 1879. Short stories Репетитор, Учитель словесности, Случай с классиком, Ариадна, Человек в футляре are based on his experiences during that time.
The new exhibit A. P. Chekhov to his native town and the world was opened in 2010 to commemorate 150-year anniversary of his birth. It’s one of the most technologically advanced museum exhibits in Russia, and uses modern means of interpretation. The exhibit illustrates the entirety Chekhov’s life and the body of work as well as the place of his work within the cultural heritage of the world. Uniquely to this museum, several rooms – including assembly room, class-room, and detention room – recreate educational environment of that time.